Created By: Jacki Belker, Lydia Ebersole, Juli Smith, Tori Campbell

Name: Convention on the Law of the Sea of 1982

Draft year: 1982

Amendment Years of the law: 1994

"was opened for signature at Montego Bay, Jamaica, on 10 December 1982"

It entered into force on 14 November 1994 and is presently binding for 154 States, as well as the European Community (as of 24 July 2008). It is considered the “constitution of the oceans”


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Is the legislation a state, national, or international piece of legislation?

The LOSC is an international piece of legislation.

Why was the law needed and what does the law do?

It requires parties to the treaty to adopt regulations and laws to control pollution of the marine environment.

In addition to the economic provisions, the treaty also establishes specific jurisdictional limits on the ocean area that countries may claim, including a 12-mile territorial sea limit and a 200-mile exclusive economic zone limit.

The Law of the Sea Convention was needed to replace weaker laws set in place to serve a similar purpose.



How does the legislation positively impact the health of our planet?

Joining UNCLOS would allow the U.S. to work towards promoting higher environmental standards in countries around the world. The U.S. has laws to keep marine resources available for future generations. The convention also contains special measures to save endangered whales, salmon, and other marine mammals. It helps the fisheries of coastal states by allowing them to set limits within their EEZ. It also protects valuable migratory fish stocks such as tuna and billfish on the high seas, beyond the 200-mile limit. UNCLOS sets a global standard so that all countries are legally bound to protect the marine environment, protect fish stocks, and prevent pollution with as much care as the U.S. does.


What is the agency/group responsible for regulation and enforcement.

"IMO (International Martitime Organization) is the agency responsible for improving maritime safety and preventing pollution from ships."



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