Food Quality Protection Act of 1996 (regulated by the EPA)

This is a national piece of legislation

Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act of 1938 (FFDCA) which set tolerances, or maximum residue limits, for pesticide residues on foods.

Amendment of the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide and Rodenticide Act 1972 (FIFRA) which states the basic regulation, sale and distribution of pesticides in the US.

For over 20 years there have been efforts to update and resolve inconsistencies in the two major pesticide statutes (FIFRA, FFDCA) but consensus on necessary reforms remained elusive. The 1996 law passed by President Clinton represented a major breakthrough, amending both major pesticide laws to establish a more consistent, protective regulatory scheme, grounded in sound science by:
  • mandating a single, health-based standard for all pesticides in all foods;
  • providing special protections for infants and children;
  • expediting approval of safer pesticides;
  • creating incentives for the development and maintenance of effective crop protection tools for American farmers; and
  • requiring periodic re-evaluation of pesticide registrations and tolerances to ensure that the scientific data supporting pesticide registrations will remain up to date in the future.

This act has regulated chemicals that cause cancer, gene mutations, or birth defects. The over all regulation of pesticides has improved the health of various animals and air quality.